Spinal pain - Description and treatment

Do you suffer from back pain? Do you have trouble walking, getting up or performing any kind of movement? This issue might eventually restrict you in your job. It is back pain, that is the most common reason of work disability.

Warning:Do not use this or any other article on the internet to diagnose yourself. Only physicians can correctly diagnose patients. Do not postpone seeing your physician to resolve your health issues in time.

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Bolesti chrbtice - popis diagnózy a liečba
Picture : Spinal pain

Characteristics of Spinal Pain and its Causes

The spine consists of cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral and coccygeal vertebrae. Each of these segments can be affected by pain. It can even be just specific vertebrae which are affected.

60 to 80% of the world population experiences lower back pain. In 65% of those affected, it is a recidivate or long-term condition.

There is a wide range of causes. Oftentimes, they are serious and mobility-endangering conditions.

The most common cause of pain is an inappropriate way of performing everyday tasks.

Pain is also often caused by:

  • Bad posture,
  • weakening of back and abdominal muscles,
  • sedentary job,
  • jobs involving lifting heavy weights,
  • unilateral load,
  • insufficient or excess activity
  • chilling of the back,
  • stress,
  • obesity,
  • degenerative changes to the spine,
  • injuries.

Spinal pain can, however, be also caused by sudden herniation of a disc, diseases of some internal organs or by increased strain due to pregnancy.

Acute back pain can last from several days to several weeks. Acute pain leads to restricted mobility.

Chronic back pain last several months or recidivates several times a year and is localized to a certain area of the spine. Chronic pain is often accompanied by headache, or possibly by issues with sensitivity and a tingling sensation in limbs.

Spinal Pain Treatment – Rid yourself of the Pain

Spinal pain treatment depends on the cause. Based on examination of spinal mobility, blood tests inquiring into inflammatory processes and imaging methods examinations, the most suitable treatment is recommended.

Relief from acute pain is brought by non-steroid anti-rheumatics (cyklooxygenase inhibitors, non-specific anti-inflammatory drugs) are usually administered in order to soothe pain and mitigate inflammation. These drugs have fewer side-effects than corticosteroids, while supressing pain, fevers and inflammation.

Both groups require a physician’s oversight as they cause side-effects.

  • Muscle relaxants – medicaments inducing relaxation in stripped muscles.
  • Non-steroid anti-rheumatics – non-steroid medicament with analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effect.
  • Acute – sudden and urgent condition with intensive symptoms.
  • Chronic – condition with gradual and long-term development.

The ideal prevention involves not putting excess strain on the back, and regular exercise. A rehabilitation doctor or physiotherapist will recommend the most suitable custom exercises.

Within the rehabilitation treatment low-frequency pulsed magnetic therapy has its place in treating some symptoms of spinal pain as it utilises the analgesic, anti-swelling and healing effects with the support of anti-inflammatory effect. It improves mobility of affected joints and brings general relief.

Home applications are a huge convenience which allows the patient to continue intensive rehabilitation at home, out of hospital facilities.

The ability to start treatment early in a new flare-up of the disease is yet another benefit.