Diabetic Foot Syndrome - Description and treatment

Are the cracks or scratches on your lower limbs not healing? A disease called the Diabetic Foot Syndrome may arise. This disease can also manifest itself if you are affected by neuropathy, diabetes or lower limb ischemia.

Warning:Do not use this or any other article on the internet to diagnose yourself. Only physicians can correctly diagnose patients. Do not postpone seeing your physician to resolve your health issues in time.

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Diabetická noha - popis diagnózy a liečba
Picture : Diabetic Foot Syndrome

Characteristics of Diabetic Foot Syndrome and its causes

Diabetic Foot Syndrome comprises infection, developing an ulcer, or destruction of deep tissue of the foot. Symptoms are tied with neurological disorders in the affected area and lower limb ischaemia.

Diabetic Foot Syndrome is most commonly found in people affected by diabetes, but also occurs in patients with ulceration, gangrene or after lower limb amputation.

In comparison with patients not affected by diabetes, patients who have diabetes show incidence of diabetic foot syndrome 17 to 50 times higher with 15 – 25% of people diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus being affected by the syndrome. Diabetic foot syndrome is a severe complication of diabetes mellitus.

Areas of common occurrence for the diabetic foot syndrome are the big toe, heel, sole of the foot and the area just before toes.

Diabetic Foot Syndrome can lead to amputation of the foot and increases mortality in diabetic patients.

40 – 70% of lower limb amputations are performed due to Diabetic Foot Syndrome. Amputation is indicated for limbs with defects that are further complicated by gangrene.

What are the main risk factors leading to this syndrome?

  • Age,
  • smoking,
  • high blood pressure
  • diabetes mellitus,
  • heredity.

Diabetic polyneuropathy (sensomotoric and auto-immune) and lower limb ischaemia (macrovascular and microvascular angiopathy) are the biggest contributing factors.

Diabetic Foot Syndrome treatment – rid yourself of the issue

The core element of dealing with the syndrome is prevention of symptom development.

Adjusting one’s lifestyle and following guidelines for diabetes therapy are both quite essential.

Special footwear for people with diabetes is recommended. It is necessary to avoid even the smallest of injuries and little wounds on the foot. Especially on the big and little toe. Taking good care of one’s feet plays a significant role in prevention of the syndrome.

Also important is regular exercise and rehabilitation.

In case of injury on the foot, various healing tools are implemented. For example, moist wound healing or physical therapy.

When infection develops, antibiotic treatment is administered. Necrotic tissue requires surgical intervention.

  • Lower limb ischemia – an obstruction disease of peripheral arteries of lower limbs.
  • Necrotic tissue – dead or devitalized tissue.

Within physical therapy Biomag low-frequency pulsed magnetic therapy plays a significant role in suppressing some symptoms of diabetic foot syndrome.  It utilises vasodilating,   analgesic and healing effects with the support of an anti-inflammatory effect to the benefit of the patient. It improves oxygenated blood circulation in the affected areas of the limb through the vasodilating effect targeting capillaries and pre-capillaries. It supresses inflammatory processes and pain, accelerates healing of damaged tissue and helps bring general relief.

Home applications are a huge convenience which allows the patient to continue intensive rehabilitation at home, out of hospital facilities.

The possibility to start treatment early in a new flare-up is also a benefit.

Magnetic therapy is not applied in cases where pain is of unknown origin.