Arthritis of the joints - Description and treatment

Do you feel severe pain in the joints? Are your joints stiff and swollen? If these symptoms linger, it can mean you are suffering from arthritis of the joints. Arthritis of the joints can have various forms. Timely diagnosis is important for decelerating the development of the disease.

Warning:Do not use this or any other article on the internet to diagnose yourself. Only physicians can correctly diagnose patients. Do not postpone seeing your physician to resolve your health issues in time.

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Artritidy klbov - popis diagnózy a liečba
Picture : Arthritis of the joints

Characteristics of Arthritis of the Joints and its Causes

Arthritis of the joints is one of the common causes of joint pain. It is an inflammatory joint disease. Its symptoms are swelling, redness and limited mobility.

There are many types of arthritis. The most common ones affecting joints are:

  • rheumatoid arthritis (chronic system auto-immune disease),
  • Bekhterev‘s disease (chronic inflammatory disease of the spine),
  • osteoarthritis (degenerative disease affecting big joints]
  • gout (chronic metabolic disease affecting joints)
  • Psoriatic arthritis (joint affected during psoriasis).

Rheumatoid arthritis causes the immune system to attack its own tissues. Its symptoms are swelling, high temperature locally, sensitivity, pain and decreased functionality. The inflammation eventually progresses into destruction and deformation of the joint. This stage is call progressive polyarthritis or rheumatism. 

Rheumatism most commonly affects middle-aged women. The most frequent areas affected are the small joints of the hand, wrist, astragal and even hips and knees. At the time of acute pain, lack of appetite, tiredness and general increase in temperature are suffered. The causes of the disease are not known.

Risk factors for development of the disease are:

  • overweight and obesity,
  • injuries,
  • excess strain on the joints with unsuitable long-term repeated movements.

Arthritis of the Joints Treatment – Rid yourself of the Issue

Treatment of arthritis (inflammation of the joints) is based on reducing pain and decelerating the development of the disease.

A wide variety of drug groups are used to treat rheumatoid arthritis.

Medicine treatment using non-steroid antirheumatics is utilised to decelerate the inflammatory process.

Inflammation can be supressed in its development by administering corticosteroids.

Apart from conventional synthetic disease modifying anti-rheumatics (most commonly methotrexate) there are other substances in the group of biological and targeted synthetic disease modifying drugs (e.g. anti-TNF-α antibodies, biological medicaments with a different mechanism effect, targeted synthetic inhibitors, etc.) These drugs can be used individually or in combination.

  • Osteoarthritis – degenerative disease affecting big joints.
  • Non-steroid antirheumatics – non-steroid medicament with analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effect.
  • Analgesic effect – effect suppressing pain.

Physical rehabilitation and spa treatment promotes mobility of affected joints, decelerates progression of the disease and supresses some of the symptoms – mainly pain and swelling.

A wide range of methods is used – from gymnastics, through physical therapy (massages, baths, local application of cold – cryotherapy), utilising electric current, magnetic field to polarised light. Surgical treatment offers yet more options.

Within the rehabilitation treatment low-frequency pulsed magnetic therapy has its place in treating some symptoms of arthritis of the joints as it utilises the analgesic, anti-swelling and healing effects with the support of anti-inflammatory effect.

Home applications are a huge convenience which allows the patient to continue intensive rehabilitation at home, out of hospital facilities.